The War Memorial of Korea [Prehistoric Era ~ Joseon]

It was so huge. When I got in, it looks even bigger. I might have to divide this chapter into several small ones.

This museum contains the history of wars occurred in Korea. I was there on June 6 which is Memorial Day.

It was so crowded but I got the free book about the Korean War. I thought it has a story of the War but incidents during the war were just listed in order.

I would get lost without this sign. Just follow these signs than you won`t get lost.

Many names are on the roll of honor which I can`t access to the book. Candles lit the roll with a soft glow all day long.

I walked into a hall after passing through a glooming corridor and I could finally find the first exhibition for Prehistoric Era.

This is going to be long journey. The history of Gojoseon, an Ancient dynasty in Korea peninsula started almost 5 thousand years ago. The country was established in 2333 BC by Dangun who said to be descended from heaven. So, it is legendary story.

This picture is known as Three Kingdoms of Korea which refers to the three kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekjea and Silla. Goguryeo was founded in 37 BC by Jumong, a prince from Buyeo and a very powerful empire.

Goguryeo was located in the northern and central part of Korea and also occupied a vast territory in Manchuria. The stele of King Gwanggaeto is one of the major materials for historical detail on strong military of Goguryeo.

Muscles of the horse is too vivid and distinct. He could ride to Europe if the muscles work that way.

Second country Baekje was established by Onjo, the third son of Goguryeo`s founder. Baekje has its peak in the 4th century and controlled most of the western Korean peninsula.

These two are the typical cultural properties in Baekje dynasty. The Gilt-bronze incense burner and the seven-branched sword. The burner is the masterpiece of Baekje ark and the artistry of the people. It has Buddhism theme and the dragon and phoenix indicate Yin and Yang. A word inscribed on the side the sword is an important clue for the relationship between Baekje and Japan in that period.

The last but not the smallest country, Silla was founded by King Park Hyeokgeose who has a myth of birth to came out of a egg. Silla once allied with China and conquered the other two kingdoms. It became the first country that unified Korea peninsula. Ruling of Silla dynasty last for almost thousand years and the next one, Goryeo appeared in 936.

This sky-blue color country is unified Silla. They were prosperous and wealthy. Until Goryeo emerged, Silla`s culture flourished and the sea of East Asia was dominated by them.

Jangbogo, a maritime general of Silla was in the center of sea control. His fleet was deployed in Wando and seize the power.

Goryeo unified Later Three Kingdoms in 936 and ruled most of Korea territory until it was removed by Joseon in 1392. The name of Goryeo is derived from the name Goguryeo and considered themselves as a descendant of them. The country was constantly attacked by Mongols and influenced by their northern culture.
This picture describe a battle between Goryeo and Mongol. Mongol emerged in 13th century and swept through China and invaded Goryeo. The country had to go through six invasion over the three decades resulting in becoming a vassal state of Mongol for approximately 80 years.

Finally, We reached the last dynasty in this section, Joseon. The founder of Joseon, general Yi seonggye overthrew the last king of Goryeo by revolt and ascended to the throne. The man on the right picture is general Yi sunsin, one of the most admired people in Korean history. He is really important man who defeated Japan during the 1592 invasion. I should post another writing only for his contribution.

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